Monthly Archives: August 2014

How to Start a Freebie Site

A freebie site, also known as a GPT (get paid to…) site or inventive site, is a website that will allow users to fill out CPA offers from various companies in exchange for money or other valuable items (e.g. an Apple iPhone). Many times (although not always), a person has to also refer friends to do the same thing in order to get the money or prize. Many people love these types of websites because they can get free stuff without having to pay out of pocket for it.

However, many people may not realize that there is also great benefit in owning a freebie site. Incentivized CPA networks will pay you money each time someone fills out an offer, and freebie sites can allow you to maximize your marketing efforts by having multiple offers in the same place. If you want to start your own freebie site, you’ll need to carefully follow the steps below in order to get your business up and running and making money.

1) Get a Domain

It goes without saying that every website needs a domain. When you are purchasing a domain for your freebie website, make sure that you take some time to think about what you’d like to call your website, as most people will refer to your website according to your domain. Try to pick a really cool domain name that’s both catchy and easy for people to remember. Also, it’s a good idea to include freebie-related words like “free”, “prize”, “cash”, or “reward” within your domain name.

2) Get Hosting

If you’re going to run a website, you will definitely need to purchase hosting for it. Because freebie websites can get a lot of traffic on a daily basis, you will want to choose a hosting plan that will give you a lot of bandwidth. Nothing will kill a freebie site’s profit potential like the servers being down or having exceeded bandwidth all the time! It is important to note that some companies that provide scripts for freebie websites (see Step 5) will allow (and sometimes even require) you to use the hosting packages that they offer with the script.

3) Get Your Site Designed

The design of your site is very important. You want your site to have a professional look and feel, but you also don’t want people to consider it boring. One thing you must do is to make sure that your website design reflects your domain name. For example, if your domain name were freebieking.com, you would probably want to have a “king” or “royal” theme in your website design. Also, bright colors and 3-D designs tend to do very well. Do your best to stick with one design throughout the entire site so that everything looks coherent and your brand recognition stays intact.

4) Decide On a Rewards System

Every freebie site needs to have an automated rewards system. One popular model is a points system where everything is worth a certain amount of points. Each CPA offer has a point value associated with it, and the freebie site visitor will receive that number of points. Each prize requires a certain number of CPA offer points in order to claim it, and visitors can request their preferred prize once they have enough offer points to do so.

If you just want to give out cash instead of using the points system (this is known as a “Get Paid To…” site), you can instead assign a monetary value to each offer and simply pay your visitors via Check or PayPal once they have acquired a certain amount of money from filling in your CPA offers.

5) Get an Incentive Script

You must get a script in order to run your website. This will do the job of automating your rewards system so that you do not have to manually check each time someone has filled out an offer. You can go the route of having a script custom made for you by a professional coder or programmer, or you can choose to purchase a ready-made script. Advanced scripts like ShiftCode also have features that will allow you to add games, polls, and other fun things to your website in order to keep your visitors interested.

Whichever route you choose to go, make sure that your script addresses fraud and security protection. You don’t want your site to be vulnerable to hackers, and you don’t want scammers trying to use proxies in an effort to fill out offers more than once. If this happens to you a lot, you run the risk of having your affiliate accounts terminated and your freebie site shut down.

6) Join Incentive Affiliate Networks

Once you have everything in place, you need to go about getting a few accounts at some incentive affiliate (CPA) networks like PointClickTrack or Adscend Media. You can usually join these networks by going to their website and filling out an application. An affiliate manager must approve you before you can have access to any of the offers on a particular network.

Remember that it is imperative that you stick to incentivized networks and offers, as non-incentivized offers will not allow you to give out prizes and cash in exchange for someone filling out a CPA offer and will terminate your account if you attempt to do so. Make sure you speak with your affiliate manager that the network has assigned to you about your freebie site and allow them to help you through the process of adding offers to your site and integrating them with your freebie script.

Note: There are many more incentive CPA networks and offers out there. You’ll want to visit OfferVault.com to check out which offers and networks will be the best for your business.

7) Advertise Your Freebie Site

Once you get your site up and running smoothly, all that’s left to do is to get visitors to your site so that they can begin filling out offers for prizes and you can start making money! Here are some ideas for advertising your site:

  • Press Releases: The opening of your site is big news, so you need to let people know about it.
  • Craigslist: People on Craigslist are always looking for free items, so try listing your site in the “Free” section.
  • Forums: Participate in some freebie trading, gaming, or tech forums and market your site via your signature.

2 Main Things You Need to Travel As a Businessperson

Anyone planning a trip for a businessman should prepare two main things for him to take from the office: Information and Supplies.

1. Information:

A file of information for the trip. If you are the traveller’s secretary or assistant, you can help him by preparing an information folder for each appointment. Each folder should contain:

  • A list of the names and positions of the people he plans to see during that particular visit, and his reason for seeing them.
  • All correspondence or memos that deal directly with the appointment, plus any papers that might be useful as background or supporting ammunition during his meeting.
  • A list of people he might try to see if he has the time, just to keep up old acquaintances.

Arrange these folders in order of appointments, so that he can consult each in turn beforehand. It is best to play safe and include every paper the traveller could possibly want; a record is of no use to him in the files when he is miles away in a customer’s office.

2. Supplies He Will Need to Get Things Done

There are many little things a busy man needs when he is on a business trip. For example, he may find it a nuisance to correspond with his office unless he has own supply of stationery and stamps with him. Or if he must prepare reports as he goes, but forgets to take report forms, his work is made more difficult. If you arrange trips, here is where you can provide that “something extra” in considerate planning.

The best way to make sure that none of the essentials will be forgotten is to write up a list and then assemble everything, checking off each item as you get it. An example of a well-prepared check list is given below. Naturally, you will probably add or remove items, depending on your traveller’s needs.

  1. Stationery of all kinds
  2. Pens and pencils
  3. Envelopes, airmail & plain
  4. Erasers
  5. Envelopes addressed to the company
  6. Clips
  7. Large manila envelopes
  8. Scissors
  9. Memo paper
  10. Rubber bands
  11. Stenographer’s pad
  12. Blotters
  13. Legal pads
  14. Scotch tape
  15. Carbon paper
  16. Calendar
  17. Address book
  18. Mail schedules
  19. Legal folders
  20. Pins
  21. Business cards
  22. Bottle opener
  23. Dictation equipment
  24. Ruler
  25. Mailing folders or boxes for dictation belts or tapes
  26. Band aids
  27. Cash
  28. Aviation guide
  29. Personal checkbook
  30. Timetable
  31. Office account checks
  32. Paste
  33. Expense forms
  34. Stamp pad & stamps
  35. Other office forms
  36. Postage stamps

A business trip can be tiring and discouraging, or it can be comfortable and rewarding. Much depends on the planning and preparation that go into it. You can make a contribution to the success of a business trip if you plan it thoroughly, with the traveller’s needs in mind.

How to Make Flight and Hotel Reservations for the Business Trips

Thanks to the Internet, it has become so easy to reserve flights and hotels these days. Although the last stage can be done through the Internet, all the companies and business people should know the detailed procedure which is explained here in this article. Make sure to read these 2 articles here and here too.

Pointers on Flying

If a businessman is pressed for time and cost is not a major factor, he can get aboard a first class jet and arrive swiftly, comfortable and well-fed. If both time and money are a consideration, he can go jet economy class, which is actually cheaper on many commuter runs than propeller first class. If the only consideration is keeping expenses to a minimum, the traveller can fly propeller economy class.

First class jet and economy jet seats can be on the same plane, as can first and economy class propeller accommodations. On first class flights, either by jet or propeller aircraft, excellent meals are served. The meals on economy flights, although usually of fine quality, consist of sandwiches and beverages. Some airlines, however, are inaugurating a “one class” schedule. That is, the traveller will be able to get first class service and meals at prices only slightly higher than those for economy class.

Certain airlines have a service between major cities whereby the traveller can simply go to the airport and get aboard the plane. He pays his fare on the plane, eliminating bothersome reservation procedures.

The traveller is the one who must choose the type of accommodations he will want. You can help him by giving him all the information possible on airline services so that he can make an intelligent choice.

You might find the Official Airline Guide, published by American Aviation Publications, Inc., 139 North Clark Street, Chicago 3, Illinois, helpful. The book is an alphabetical listing of the cities in the United States and its possessions, and Canada. It tells of the airlines servicing each city, and gives information on car rental and air taxi services there.

Making a Plane Reservation: After the traveller decides which air line he will use, you should get that line’s timetable. Remember, however, that the timetable is subject to change. You should check all times carefully when making the reservation.

When placing reservations, you phone the reservations desk of the individual airline. Make sure that you get the name of the reservations clerk so that you can make any further arrangements through that person. This will save your traveller time, because it will get his reservations handled much more quickly and efficiently. It also eliminates that “I’m sorry, but I think Miss Jones can help you” problem.

A typical conversation might go something like this:

“Good Morning. This is Mr. Doe of the Wilson Company. I would like to make reservations for Mr. Paul flouts of this company on American Airlines flight No. 6 from New York to Los Angeles, economy class, at 10:00 a.m. on July 15. Is space available?”

“Yes, Mr. Doe, we have economy class space available on flight 6 on July 15, but that flight leaves at 10:35 am.”

“That will be satisfactory. When does the plane arrive in Los Angeles?”

“It gets into Los Angeles at 1:30 p.m., Pacific Standard Time. It’s a non-stop jet flight.”

“Thank you very much. Please book Mr. Houts on that flight. May I have your name in case any question arises?”

“Surely. Just ask for Jon LeCompte at the reservations desk. And now let me take down complete information on Mr. flouts.”

“The reservation is for Mr. Paul Houts, the Wilson Company,313 Fifth Avenue,New York City. The phone number of the company is WA-6-223 3, and Mr. Houts’s home phone number is HA-7-7019.”

“Thank you very much, Mr. Doe. I have Mr. Bouts booked on that flight.”

It is not always possible to get just the flight you want. This is no reason to be disheartened. Tell the reservations clerk to put your traveller on the waiting list for the flight he wants. Then if reservations become available you will be notified. While you are waiting you can phone any of the other airlines to see if they can accommodate your traveller  If after this you are still unable to get the reservation, consult the reservations clerk, who can, in most cases, suggest a suitable alternative.

Note: As soon as you receive confirmation from one airline, cancel any other arrangements you may have pending for some other flight. This will help you keep the good will of the people you deal with at the airlines. It will also show consideration for other people who may be on the waiting list for that flight. Wouldn’t it make you happy if someone would cancel just in time for you to get the seat you want for your traveller?

Unless the traveller has an account with the airline, you or he will have to pay for the tickets when they are picked up. Many air lines have credit plans that make it possible to travel now and be billed later. Check with the airline you decide to use if your traveller wants to do business on a charge basis.

Be sure to Confirm Reservations

One last word about air travel reservations: It is necessary to re-confirm plane reservations for each lap of the trip, except for the initial point of departure. The traveller should do this in each city on his itinerary. You confirm, or re-confirm, a reservation simply by calling up the airline ticket office and telling them that you would like to confirm a reservation. It is best to ask for the person at the reservations desk that you spoke to when you first made the reservation. Make sure that you give the clerk all information as to flight number, date, destination, and the like.

Reservations must be confirmed at least six hours before flight time on domestic flights. On international flights, reservations must be confirmed twenty-four hours before flight time. You are thoughtful if you remind the traveller of this just before departure.

Pointers on Train Travel

In order to give the traveller complete in formation on rail reservations and accommodations, you should know just what is available. The various types of Pullman accommodations are listed below:

  1. Upper or lower berth: A single bed, with a space provided for personal articles. Toilet facilities are located at one end of the car.
  2. Roomette: A private room, usually for one person, with a bed folding into the wall and with a sofa seat for daytime use. Toilet facilities are in the same room.
  3. Bedroom: A private room with a lower and upper berth. The lower serves as a sofa for daytime use. Toilet facilities are in the same room.
  4. Compartment: A private room with lower and upper berth. Toilet facilities are in the same room.
  5. Drawing room: A private room with lower and upper berth, and a sofa that can be converted into an additional lower berth. There is a private toilet adjoining.

Not all overnight trains have all of the above accommodations. Some day commuter trains have none of them. Most of the time tables for the various lines list the accommodations available. If the information you want isn’t in the timetable, you can get it either from the reservations desk of the railway or from a travel agency. Find out, too, whether the train has a diner or club car, observation car, and so on. By telling the traveller these facts you smooth his way toward a more pleasurable trip.

Making a Train Reservation

When you are ready to make the reservation you will find that the procedure is similar to that of making plane reservations. You should have a concrete idea of what you want before you phone. Note that railroads will not make reservations for the entire trip if it is broken by plane travel; air lines, on the other hand, will handle plane reservations all the way through, despite interruptions.

You can find all the schedules and timetables for all railroad and steamship lines in the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Puerto Rico in the Official Guide of the Railways. The Guide is published by the National Railway Publications Company, New York. Single copies can be purchased and the publication can also be obtained by subscription. Included in this publication is information such as accommodations offered by the different lines, mileage between stations, maps of the roads, and so on.

Another source of information is the individual line itself. You can either telephone or call at the company’s offices personally.

When you are ready to make the reservations, it is best if you become acquainted with the “passenger representative” of the rail road. If you do, you will have an advantage in that you can deal with the same person every time you have to call. If you don’t know the passenger representative, call the reservations desk.

It is considerate to give the person you are talking to complete and precise information on departure point and destination, time, train number and accommodations desired. 11 what you want is not available, this enables him to suggest an alternative.

If your traveller wants to do business with the railroad on a charge basis, accounts based on his personal credit rating are available. These accounts work in a manner similar to that of the airline accounts. If the traveller has no account, you or he will have to pay for the tickets when they are picked up.

Whoever picks up the tickets should check them carefully. Check for time, date, destination, train number, railway station, and the like.

Travelling by Automobile

If the business trip is fairly short, the traveller may want to go by automobile. Being a member of the American Automobile Association will be a great help if this is the case. Aside from their emergency road service, they will prepare a special “Triptik” which is a detailed, up-to-the-minute strip map of the entire trip. Also provided with this service is a list of recommended hotels, motels and AAA service stations along the route.

The AAA will also help its members obtain advance hotel and resort accommodations.

If your traveller is not a member of the AAA, you can get all the necessary road maps at any local gas station.

The traveller may want to leave his own car at home and rent one for the trip. If this is the case, you can get in touch with a car rental firm in your area- There is a service charge plus a mileage charge ranging from around six to fifteen cents a mile. You can leave the car at any of the branch offices of the firm in any city. The cars are covered by accident insurance, which protects the driver as wall as the renting firm. Car rental is a very convenient service, but it can be expensive.

Making Hotel Reservations

Never wait until the last minute to make hotel reservations. Begin the job as soon as the travel arrangements are decided. It sometimes takes a long time to get the travel plans just right, but you can begin making hotel reservations as soon as you know the traveller’s destination and approximate time of arrival.

Most communities have a local hotel association you can phone for information. The association is usually happy to supply you with the names of reliable hotels.

You can get a wealth of information from the Hotel Red Book, issued annually in June and published by the American Hotel Association Directory Corporation,221 West 57th Street, New York, New York. This book lists hotels by state and city, indicates the number of rooms, rates, and whether the hotel is on the American plan where rates include meals or European plan, where they don’t. It also gives the telephone and teletype numbers for each hotel, and tells whether or not the hotel belongs to a chain.

Another source of information is Leahy’s Hotel Guide and Travel Atlas of the United States, Canada, and Mexico, published by the American Hotel Register Company, in Chicago.

If you don’t have access to any of these sources, you might write to the Chamber of Commerce in the city of destination, asking for the names of recommended hotels, but remember that it takes quite a while for correspondence to travel back and forth. You will need a lot of time to write first to a Chamber of Commerce and then, after receiving a reply, to a hotel. Perhaps there is no vacancy at the time the traveller needs a room. You would then have to write to some other hotel. Usually you won’t have time enough for this exchange of correspondence.

If the traveller is going by automobile, you can get information on places to stay from Lodging for a Night, a book published by Duncan Hines, Inc., New York. This book lists good hotels, inns, motels and overnight guest houses.

How Reservations Can Be Made

Below are mentioned some of the ways you can go about making hotel reservations:

1. You can call the hotel directly. Some hotels list their numbers in the directories of distant cities to make it easier for customers to call and make reservations.

2. Some hotels, particularly in large cities, have a service where by you can phone the hotel in your city and have reservations made for you at the hotel in the city of destination. This service, of course, applies only to hotels in the same chain. If this service is available, you receive your confirmation from the hotel in your own city. You can get the information from the Hotel Red Book.

3. You can make the reservation by letter. Naturally, there must be enough time for an exchange of correspondence before the traveller is to leave on his trip.

The following letter asking for a hotel reservation is short and to the point, but gives all necessary information.

Sherman Square Hotel

70th Street and Broadway

New York, New York

Gentlemen:

Please reserve a single room with bath for Mr. John Rafferty, beginning Friday night, April 17. Mr. Rafferty plans to leave the afternoon of April 20 and would appreciate knowing your check-out time.

Since Mr. Rafferty will not reach New York until Friday night, please hold the room for late arrival.

Please confirm this reservation as soon as possible.

Yours very truly,

Henry Roe

4. If your firm has a teletype machine and the hotel chosen also uses this service (you can find out from the Hotel Red Book), send a teletype message.

5. If you don’t have too much time to make reservations, send a night letter to the hotel. You might say something like this:

Please wire collect confirmation single room with bath for John Rafferty April seventeenth through twentieth. Hold for late arrival. Advise checkout time.

6. You can make reservations through the Hotel Reservation Service of Western Union. Phone your nearest Western Union office and give the Reservation Service the destination, arrival date and time, length of stay, room requirements, and the hotel preferred. They will take it from there. They will handle anything from a single- city trip to a complete travel itinerary, for business or pleasure.

7. The traveller may have to leave on very short notice. When this happens, try Western Union’s “Reserve and Hold” service. All arrangements are made while the traveler is en route. When he arrives, he calls the Western Union Reservation Desk to get details of his reservation. There is a charge for this service, but when time is short, the traveler will be grateful indeed if you can get him his reservations quickly.

No matter what method you use to make a reservation:

  • Give the traveller’s name and address
  • Explain the type of accommodation desired
  • Give the date of arrival
  • Indicate the approximate time of day the traveller will arrive
  • Mention the probable departure date
  • Ask what the hotel check-out time is (it may conflict with the traveller’s appointments)
  • If the traveller will arrive in the late evening, mention the fact that the room is to be held for late arrival.

Always get written or wired confirmation of a hotel reservation. If some mistake has occurred at the reservation desk of the hotel (and that is possible even in the best-run hotels) the traveller will not have a leg to stand on without the confirmation. He will at least be able to put up a good argument if you have provided him with the confirming letter or wire. If you have been thoughtful enough to do this, the hotel will be obliged to find a spot for him.

If the traveller is going by car, he may want to make reservations at motels along his route. Various independently owned motels have formed associations that aid you in making reservations. You simply go in person to the association motel nearest you and request reservations at one of the other associated motels. The clerk will then either phone or send a teletype message to the motel and have them reserve rooms. You then pay him the price of the room and he gives you a ticket which the traveller presents to the motel clerk where his rooms are reserved. Once the traveller reaches his first stop, he can have the clerk there phone ahead to make his next reservation. There is usually no charge for this reservation service.

Cancelling Reservations

In order to save the traveller’s time and money there are certain procedures you should follow when it becomes necessary to cancel reservations. Below you will find the correct ways of cancelling reservations and also how to get refunds on unused tickets or deposits for the traveller.

Occasionally a traveller may change his plans en route. If he does, he probably will have to handle the cancellations himself. The traveller should always try to give as much advance written notice as possible to the airline or railroad of any cancellation.

Airlines will usually make refunds en route, and the traveller can cash in his unused tickets at the airline office in the city where he happens to be.

If your traveller brings his unused airlines tickets back with him, return them to the airline at the point of purchase, or to the Refund Accounting Department address shown in the Official A Wine Guide, with a short covering letter. Mention the date, city of departure and destination, ticket number, and the cost.

Your letter might read:

Manager, Passenger Refund Accounting

American Airlines, Inc.

910 SouthBoston

Tulsa,Oklahoma

Dear Sir:

Re; Ticket No. 1oI-15-4M

New York CitytoPhoenix

Flight No. 507

The above ticket was issued to Mr. John Rafferty of this company for use on April 17.

Unfortunately Mr. Rafferty was forced to cancel his reservation and would now like a refund on the ticket. The fare paid for the ticket was $700.30.

Please make the check payable to John Rafferty. The ticket is enclosed.

Sincerely,

Robert J. Roe

The carbon of this letter will give you a record of all the pertinent information you should need to follow up later if there is some delay or error in the refund. It is important that you remember, how ever, to expect some delay in refund if the tickets were paid for by check. When payment has been made in cash, an immediate refund can be obtained by presenting the tickets at the ticket office. Or the amount of the refund can be credited to the account of an air travel card holder.

Pullman refunds cannot be obtained en route. For refunds, send the unused tickets to: The Pullman Company, Passenger Department,79 East Adams Street, Chicago 3, Illinois.

When you wish to cancel a hotel reservation, write the hotel a letter of cancellation if there is time. This is the polite thing to do, especially when you have requested the room be held for late arrival.

When a hotel has requested a deposit in advance, as some of the smaller hotels do, try to have your deposit returned. You may be successful if the cancellation is made in sufficient time before the intended arrival date.

To cancel motel reservations that have been made in advance, usually it is necessary to notify the motel by 6:00 p.m. on the day of your intended arrival. To obtain your refund you can either go to the motel, or, if this is impossible, give the motel your name and address and have them send you a check. Although 6:00 p.m. is usually the latest time for cancellation, it is considerate to give the motel as much advance notice of cancellation as you possibly can.

Using the Services of a Travel Agency

The easiest method of obtaining reservations, either for domestic or foreign travel, is through the services of a travel agency.

If you have had no previous contact with an agency, obtain a list of qualified travel agents from The American Society of Travel Agents, Inc., 501 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York.

You can make the agent’s job simpler by giving him complete information on what you want. Tell him the traveller’s name, his business and home phone numbers, and detailed information on dates, times of arrival and departure at each city, and the type of transportation preferred.

As far as expense is concerned, there is no charge for obtaining airline or hotel reservations because the agency receives a commission from the airline or hotel. There is a charge for obtaining rail reservations, unless they are part of a “package” deal; that is, a prearranged package tour. The service is excellent and generally everything is planned without a hitch. You owe it to your traveller  however, to make sure that everything is perfect. For this reason you should always follow up with the agency. Call them a few days be fore the scheduled departure to make sure that all reservations are in order and that everything is ready for a pleasant, well-planned trip.

Arranging Appointments

When making appointments for a traveller keep in mind the pointers below:

1. When arranging the traveller’s appointments, make sure that you get all the necessary information from him. This means the name of the person to be visited, the date, location, and time of the visit, the phone number of the firm and any special remarks or reminders about the visit.

2. If an appointment is made quite a while before the actual visit, it is best to confirm the appointment with the secretary of the per son to be visited, a few days in advance of the actual visit.

3. Always find out from the traveller if he has made any appointments on his own. If he has, include them in the appointment schedule.

Once the appointment schedule is set up, make sure that the traveller has at least two copies (one for his wallet and the other for his briefcase) with him.

Why Do People Work?

The Place of Work in Human Life

Some of us might be tempted to define work as something we don’t want to do; but that is all wrong. Work is any form of activity that is directed toward the earning of a living.

The same kind of activity might be work under some circumstances and not under others. A man may work mowing our lawn, and we pay him for it because that is his means of support; but if we mow our own lawn, it is not work in the economic sense. A teacher works conducting classes as a means of livelihood; but your studying in those classes does not help you make a living now, though it probably will later. When Bob Feller pitched for his service unit it was for fun. But when he was with the Cleveland Indians it was work and he was well paid for it.

Why Do People Work?

Work is a necessity to the world’s progress. It is the only way by which the forces and resources of nature have been made useful to man. It is the only way men have arisen from the conditions under which they lived in primitive times to their modern state of comfort and luxury. Often more than one motive urges a person to work.

In most cases we must work to satisfy our wants. In the days of the Jamestown colony, Captain John Smith announced with perfect justice, “He that will not work shall not eat.” The more civilized we are, the more extras we want beyond mere existence, and so the more wisely or faithfully we must work.

Social pressure makes some people work, in order to have the good opinion of their neighbours and acquaintances. Sometimes certain kinds of work bring prestige and influence that one could not otherwise get in an honourable way.

Undoubtedly some people work for the pleasure of it — “for the joy of the working,” as Kipling put it. The artist, the actor, and the inventor find real thrills and delight in what they under take. Andrew W. Mellon, who served as Secretary of the Treasury under three Presidents, is said to have been asked once why a man of his vast wealth, who was already beyond the age when many men retire, kept on in his position. “ I like it, I like it,” was his explanation.

Some work because they wish to render service to others. The teacher, the church worker, and the physician need to pay expenses, but they are anxious also to benefit other people.

Make a list of ten occupations in which your family or neighbours engage and classify them in accordance with the motives that cause them to do their particular work. Is a man lucky if he does not have to work? Illustrate your answer from people you know.

Kinds of Work

All work may be grouped in two great fields — physical and mental. It is physical that we most often think of when we talk about work in general — that kind of toil which calls particularly for the use of muscle power. Mental activity, which requires thinking and planning, is just as truly work as the other kind. Hardly anything, however, is exclusively mental or physical. The ditch-digger must do some thinking when he handles his pick and shovel, and the newspaper reporter has to use his muscles when he operates his pencil or computer keyboard.

Too often workers in one field fail to show appreciation of the importance of work done in other fields. The man who works with his muscles may think of the brain worker as a loafer. The man who does mental work may look down upon the manual worker. The work of the world must be done by people of many kinds of talent. Few people are qualified to do well many different things. If the work we are doing is honourable, it de serves appreciation, whether it is done in an office or on a farm or in a mill.

An economic principle which we call the law of least social cost is this: a worker is most likely to succeed if he engages in those activities for which he is best fitted and which he most enjoys. The same principle applies to communities. There the law might read: a community is most likely to succeed if it engages in those industries and occupations for which it has natural advantages. If we could bring about these conditions for every worker and every community, we might hope for a whole nation prosperous and free from discontent.

Make a list of five occupations which you thick you would not enjoy. Consider each of them with reference to its service to the community and decide what kinds of people would satisfactorily carry on such work.

Make a similar list of five occupations which you think you would enjoy. Why do you feel that way about these occupations? How helpful are they to society in general?

Is there any evidence that your community in its own activities is or is not obeying the law of least social cost?

Cooperation in Work

We have already had much to say about cooperation, or teamwork. How necessary shall we find this to be as we study our economic life! The work of the nation might have to stand still if just one large class of workers should not perform its customary duties for even a week. We expect others to feed us, to clothe us, to carry our messages, to provide the means for us to travel in work or play. We depend upon others even in the actual carrying on of our own work.

Even when primitive men hunted and fished, they found it helpful to work with one another. In early times every man had to be a jack-of-all-trades. Everybody did about the same kind of work. When they worked together, it was simply a case of several people combining to do the same thing simple cooperation. This is still necessary at times, as you realize when you see half a dozen men lifting and carrying a steel rail.

As people increased in number, men began to give more time and attention to those things that each one could do best. Thus division of occupations came about. Some devoted their time to building, some continued to be farmers, some made clothing, some made tools for other people to use. But still the builder did every thing necessary in putting up the house, the farmer raised and marketed every kind of farm product, and the shoemaker put together the entire shoe.

As time went on, however, the operations of a single trade were divided, and definite division of labour came about. Now the builder did not attempt to put up an entire house himself. Today be makes use of carpenters, plumbers, plasterers, painters, electricians, and other kinds of workers.

The process has now advanced to the stage which we call specialization. The wood-worker may make only doors and windows instead of doing all the wood-work about a building. The doctor who tried to remedy every human ailment may now specialize in diseases of the eyes or throat. Some lawyers will accept only certain kinds of cases A teacher may not be allowed to teach anything but English and history, for example, if those are the only subjects in which he has especially prepared himself. Specialization has been carried down to a very fine point.

The cars pass along on this “assembly line” with each worker adding a new part or putting something in place. In how many ways is cooperation illustrated here?

Why did man at first perform all his own tasks? low was simple division of labour a benefit? Has complex division of labour advanced too far?

Classes of Occupations

Those qualities in goods which enable them to satisfy wants we call utilities. Every occupation men engage in either gives utilities to goods or makes use of their utilities.

We say that a good has time utility if it is present when it will be of use. A storage house, for example, may keep our furniture for us until we can use it more advantageously. A good has place utility if it is in the location where it will be of service. Time and place utility often go together. The railroad and the automobile each may supply place utility. A good has form utility if it is in the shape that will permit it to render service. We want a book, for instance, in the shape books are usually made rather than as large sheets of paper. The manufacturer has the special function of supplying form utility. Possession utility exists when one has the right to use a certain commodity. A house has no possession utility for us unless we have bought or rented it. The merchant or the broker may provide possession utility for his patrons. There are also qualities which we call natural utilities, put into goods by nature. An apple to satisfy our hunger must be a real one, possessing natural utility, and not an attractive imitation made by a skillful toy-maker. Such workers as the farmer and the forester do more than others to help nature provide the natural utilities that permit certain goods to satisfy our wants.

We use the word industry most often to suggest some activity connected with manufacturing or mechanical labour  All the great industrial activities of men can be grouped under a few general heads. Indeed, they can all be classified as primary or secondary. Primary industries, like farming, mining, and fishing, deal directly with natural resources and are therefore fundamental. Others, which cannot be carried on until after the products of the primary industries have been made ready, may be called secondary industries, such as manufacturing, transportation, and all the activities connected with buying and selling, or trade. You can’t make steel until the ore has been taken out of the ground, and you have no use for a railroad unless there is something to carry.

It is not always easy to classify particular workers. Should we, for instance, consider an office worker as in the furniture industry if he is employed in the office of a furniture factory? Even the Census Bureau publishes two kinds of classifications of workers — one by industries, and another by occupations, which tabulates them more nearly in accordance with the work they do.

I what occupational groups would you classify the following: gardener, baseball player, minister, salesman for a grocery firm, tailor, carpenter, bookkeeper?

Grades of Workers

Individual workers naturally vary in their ability. Sometimes we classify workers with reference to the training levels on which various occupations rest—that is, the amount and kind of preparation needed for their line of activity.

The ditch-digger or street-sweeper requires little more than physical strength and endurance to accomplish his work. A girl who pastes labels on bottles, or sorts papers, or does some other simple task, needs little more than quickness. Because little special training is required of such workers, we call them unskilled or little skilled.

Next come the semi-skilled workers. These need some experience and training before they can do their work well, but the variety of things that they have to do is limited; and when they have once learned their job, they need only to keep on doing the same kind of thing day after day. The street-car motorman belongs in this group, as well as those who operate much of the machinery in mills and factories.

The skilled laborer needs a considerable amount of training and experience which may run from several months to several years. Besides, he has to be able to adapt himself to jobs which may not be exactly alike. Such workers as the carpenter, the plumber, the paper-hanger, and the like, are in this class, as well as workers with machines who have more to do than merely watch the machine operate.

Next we come to the science level of workers. For them it is not so much a matter of skill in doing mechanical things as of knowing facts and being able to apply them, The chemist, for instance, is engaged in carrying on experiments or otherwise serving in a great factory. He must have special training and possess special information in his particular line of work. A photographer might perhaps belong in this class also.

The fifth class is the expert or professional group. These are the workers who must possess special intellectual ability, extensive study, and practice over a long period in a limited field. The physician, the teacher, and the lawyer are in this group.

Do you think of any kinds of workers whom it might be difficult to classify in any particular group? Which class of workers do you think is the largest? Which class generally receives the highest salary or wages?

The Circle of Economic Activities

Everything that people do or want to do, as far as it has an economic side, will find a place somewhere in the circle of four economic activities — consumption, production, ex change, and distribution.

The use of goods to satisfy wants is known as consumption. In one sense consumption means destruction, as when we eat an apple. With our books, clothes, and homes, the process is more gradual and may not be noticeable at any one time. Consumption is in a way the foundation of our modern life. We would not produce goods unless people wanted to consume them or the producer thought he could make people want to consume them.

Then comes production — the preparation of goods to satisfy human wants. Production is the giving of utilities to goods. Growing things, as the farmer does, making things in the sense that the manufacturer does, and the giving of time utilities and place utilities, such as the railroad and the storekeeper give, are all forms of production.

Even a man in primitive days might produce more things of a certain kind than he could use. Then he would seek to exchange with somebody else who might have produced more of other things than he could use. As our activities have become more and more specialized the necessity for this phase of the circle — exchange — becomes greater. By exchange we mean the transfer of ownership or possession of goods from one person to another. Generally this calls for the use of money or some substitute for it.

The fourth phase of our economic interests we call distribution. This does not mean the carrying or marketing of goods, for those activities belong to production or exchange. Distribution has to do with what becomes of the profits or returns that are earned by those who have helped in production. How much should each worker receive? How much does he receive? The answers to these two questions may be far apart.

Now you see how these four phases of our economic activities form a circle. We want to consume; therefore goods have to be produced for us to consume. Since we do not and cannot all produce the same thing, there must be exchange. We expect some kind of compensation for the services or goods that are ex changed, and with the help of this compensation we are in a position to consume and so go around the circle again and again.

If anything happens to the orderly process of going around this circle, embarrassing times may result. Sometimes more goods are produced than there is a demand for; then business slows up. If workers do not, through the process of distribution, receive the “wherewithal” to buy goods, the process is held up at another point. That is the worst feature of business depressions. When business in some lines is slack, employers may lay off some of their workers. Then those workers cannot buy as they did before, and other lines of business suffer. Then workers are laid off there, and still more cannot buy. To have contentment in our economic life our circle must keep going round and round regularly.

Do men consume in order to produce, as well as produce in order to consume? In which do you think men take the more pleasure? Can a person get an honest living without. engaging in some form of production? Just what does a soldier or sailor produce?

The Factors in Production

Let us think now about some features of production. Four factors, or elements, are necessary in any form of it:

Land is any gift of nature which is used in industry. In this sense the word means not merely the ground we build houses on, but the trees of the forest, mineral deposits, and the water that turns mill wheels. Even the fish in the sea are land in this sense. A longer expression that means about the same thing is natural resources. When land is used for production, the gain or return from its use which the landholder receives is called rent.

Labour is any activity of human beings that enters into industry. This applies to mental and physical effort alike. The man in the office whose work is to think, give orders, and dictate letters is just as much a labourer as the man who looks after a furnace in a great steel mill, or the girl who watches the loom in a cotton factory. Labour gets a return or compensation which we call wages.

Capital is any product of past industry that is used in producing more goods. Be sure to get this idea straight. Money itself is not necessarily capital. Wealth includes capital, but capital is only that part of wealth which is used in producing more wealth. Machinery in the mills, trains on the rail roads, and even the ditch-digger’s shovel are capital. All these were once made by man and are now used directly or indirectly to produce something more. The compensation received for the use of capital by its holders is called interest.

Management is the factor that plans an enterprise and handles or employs the other three factors — land, labour  and capital. Industry cannot exist without management. At times the manager may also be a labourer and get wages for his labour, or he may be the owner of the capital employed in the business and receive interest on that account. But the work of management is distinct from either labour or capital. The manager’s compensation or returns we refer to as profits.

Since it is difficult to tell how important is the contribution each of these four factors makes, it becomes a problem to know just how much each ought to get as compensation for its services. Andrew Carnegie was once asked, Which is the most important, land, labour, or brains? “ His reply was, “ Which is the most important leg of a three-legged stool?

Conditions Necessary to Satisfactory Progress

If the circle of economic activities is to move around smoothly, there must be purposeful planning to establish the necessary conditions.

First, there should be individual freedom. You remember the law of least social cost. So one should have what lawyers call freedom of contract and freedom of opportunity to move from place to place and to engage in a job for which he can show he is qualified.

Second, industrial progress goes on most rapidly if workers have some spur to do their best. Such a condition we may call com petition in service. If a person knows that he is the only one who can do a certain piece of work and that nobody else can be secured to take his place, he may be satisfied with less than his best service, unless he has a stronger moral character than some have.

To do their best, however, workers must also have good health and training for their tasks. It is good business, if nothing else, to see that workers have pleasant surroundings to work in and are so protected that their work is not a menace to health.

We need, too, the spirit of cooperation. There should be no unpleasant feelings between one branch of the great industrial world and another. Employers and their workers must be on good terms and mutually understand one another. Farmers and city workers must realize each other’s problems.

Another essential condition to satisfactory progress is security. That may be a personal matter, such as safeguarding a worker on his job in the factory. It may be a community matter, such as protecting the worker as he goes from his home to his place of business or to a factory from marauders or thieves. It may take the form of a sense of soundness in the business world that will encourage business men to keep moving instead of slacking up in their activities and throwing men out of work.

And finally that more or less intangible thing — the square deal must be the motive and ideal back of every one’s business contacts. Suppose the labourer feels that the capitalist wants to get all the returns for himself or reduce the labourer’s returns to the least possible amount. Suppose people in general think that an electric light plant or some other industry on which they depend for convenience and service is carried on simply to make unreasonable profits. Suppose any class of people feels that the activities of its government are carried on to promote the welfare of only one group or a few groups, rather than the best interests of all. Then there will be unrest and discontent and perhaps something worse.

Business and morals cannot be separated. The same Golden Rule which we recommend in our social dealings must find a place in our business relations if they are to go on most pleasantly and efficiently.

How Does the Secretary Get Visitors at Office

One of the most important aspects of a secretary’s work is the way in which she handles visitors. She is a reflection not only of the company’s public relations image—as is the receptionist—but of her executive’s personal image. She is a key figure in building good will both for him and for the company through her attitude of considerateness regardless of the relative importance of each caller.

Smoking at the Desk

SecretaryIn most modem offices smoking at the desks is allowed. But because smoking is an objectionable habit to many people, if you do smoke be discreet. When a visitor approaches your desk and you are smoking, either put out your cigarette or place it in an ash tray to one side of your desk while you are talking to the visitor. Do not smoke while you are conversing with him.

Never put lighted cigarettes any place but in an ash tray. If you rest them on the edges of desks and cabinets, unsightly bums can be the result.

Rising to Greet Guests

Unless your desk is hidden from view, there is no need for a secretary to rise to greet guests, unless she wishes to do so as a mark of friendship or honor.

When the Visitor Has an Appointment

If her executive is free, the secretary can call on the intercom to say Mr. Jones has arrived for his 10:30 appointment. However, if her executive is occupied with another visitor or is on the telephone, the secretary places a note before him explaining that Mr. Jones has arrived and is waiting. If the person already in the executive’s office is a co-worker, or a personal friend or relative, the secretary can announce the caller on the intercom and need not use a note.

If he can’t immediately wind up what he is doing, or has fallen behind schedule in his appointments, it is courteous for an executive to leave his office to greet the man who is waiting for his appointment and explain that he needs only a minute or two more to finish up what he is doing. If the executive does not or cannot perform this courtesy, the secretary can smilingly make the same explanation to the waiting visitor.

When the Executive Is Not in His Office

On occasion an executive will have been called out of his office just before a visitor arrives. When this happens the secretary should apologize for her executive and explain the circumstances.

You can say, “Good morning, Mr. Smythe. Mr. Rogers was called into the plant about ten minutes ago because of a production problem. He should be back any minute now. Do you mind waiting?”

If an unexpected emergency will keep the executive out of his office for more than a few moments, you might explain it this way:

“Good morning, Mr. Smythe. I’m so sorry, but Mr. Rogers was called to the office of the chairman of the board a little while ago. I’m not sure when he’ll be back. I tried to reach you, but your office said you had already left. Can you wait?” The visitor can then decide whether to wait, come back later or make another appointment, or even see someone else—the executive’s assistant, for instance, if he has one.

When the Visitor Has to Wait

If the visitor has to wait, the secretary invites him to be seated and gets on with her work. If the guest is particularly important, she may ask if there is anything she can do for him. She makes no effort to “entertain” waiting visitors, but responds pleasantly to their small talk, just as a receptionist does. If direct questions are put to her about the business, she avoids them adroitly, pretending complete ignorance of the topic, if need be, or changing the subject.

When the secretary tells a receptionist a caller will have to wait, it is courteous for her to come out to the reception room and explain to the visitor the reason for the delay. If this is not possible—if she is taking dictation, for example—the receptionist will have to ex plain the delay. When the executive is ready to see the visitor, the secretary can either call the receptionist and tell her to send the caller in, or she can go out to the reception room and escort him in herself.

Announcing a Caller

If the secretary is told to send the guest right in, she may do one of two things. If the caller is known to her employer, and has visited the office before, she may nod to him and say something to the effect that, “Mr. Michaels is free. Won’t you go right in?” However, if it is the caller’s first visit, or he is an infrequent caller, the secretary should accompany him to the door of her employer’s office, open it if it is kept closed, step to one side and say, “Mr. Michaels, here is Mr. Roper.”

When older people or dignitaries or women are announced in a business office, it is considered proper to mention the guest’s name first. For instance, should a church dignitary visit your executive, the polite announcement would be: “Bishop McLaughlin, Mr. Michaels.” (Refer to the chart in the back of this book for the proper titles by which to announce officials and dignitaries.)

Members of the executive’s family are allowed to enter his office unannounced, unless there is a guest in the office. In this case, the secretary announces their arrival on the intercom right away.

Cancelling an Appointment

Occasionally there is reason for cancelling an appointment, but this should not be done lightly. Only a matter of absolute necessity makes the cancellation of an appointment excusable.

If an executive is called away and knows he will not be back in time to keep a scheduled appointment, his secretary should telephone the individual who is due for the appointment, explain the circumstances, and offer to make another appointment.

Should you have to call and change the time of an appointment for any reason, be as gracious as possible. Perhaps you could say, after introducing yourself: “I am sorry to have to ask this favor. But would it be possible for Mr. Springer to come to Mr. Michaels’ office at three o’clock today instead of two o’clock? Mr. Michaels has been asked by the president of our company to attend a very important luncheon meeting which will probably last until well after two o’clock.”

When the Executive Is Behind Schedule in His Appointments

If he is badly off schedule, it might be best to try and cancel one appointment, so he can catch up. The next best thing is to point out to him that he will have to make up time and ask him to cut short the next one or two appointments. If he is agreeable to this, you can let him know when the allotted time is up for each one.

Interrupting When a Visitor Is Present

Should your executive have on his schedule a meeting at a specific time and a visitor is in his office as the hour approaches, the secretary may enter the office, apologize for the interruption and remind him that an appointment is coming up. The time of the appointment should not be mentioned. A vocal reminder is better than a note because then the visitor is alerted to the fact that he should depart.

Allow enough time for your employer to end his talk with his visitor unhurriedly and still reach his appointment promptly.

When Your Executive Does Not Want to See the Caller

When you are certain your executive is not interested in seeing a certain individual, be polite but definite in refusing him. You can say something like this:

“I wish I could be of help, Mr. Gray, but right now Mr. Michaels will see only those directly connected with a new project. He will be involved in this for some time, and I think the best way to reach him would be by letter.”

Some people have a flair for turning people down in such a way that they feel they’ve been honored rather than refused. Try to cultivate this manner by treating even the unwanted guest solicitously. Never try to raise your own sense of self-importance by acting in an unpleasant, rude manner.

When the Visitors are Office Personnel

Many executives today maintain an “open door” policy for members of their company. Naturally, executives on the same level are free to come and go as they please, unless the executive has a visitor from outside the company. When lower echelon personnel indicate that they’d like to see your executive, try to first find out why. You can sometimes prevent someone from going over his immediate superior’s head and thereby causing ill feeling, or you can point out that your executive is not the right one with whom to discuss this matter. If you feel the problem merits your executive’s attention, make an appointment for the employee and explain the problem to your executive so that he will have some idea of what to expect.

If the employee will not tell you his problem, do not refuse him an appointment as you might an outsider. Set up an appointment for him and inform your executive that Charles Cole, the new young salesman, or John White in the mailroom, has asked to see him but is reluctant to tell you why.

The secretary will interrupt her executive whenever a company employee comes in with an emergency work situation.

When the Caller Has No Appointment

In a majority of cases, it is left to the secretary to decide how the caller without an appointment will be handled, since she knows her executive’s business needs and his schedule. It is her job to protect him from unnecessary interruptions.

First she must find out what the visitor wants. If he doesn’t volunteer the information, she must politely ask for it (see page 107).

If she feels that her executive will want to see the caller, she asks the caller to wait and goes into her employer’s office (unless he has told her to handle such situations over the phone or intercom). She gives the executive the visitor’s card and states his reason for calling. When the executive is with someone, whether a company employee or another visitor, she does not interrupt him, but waits until he is free. The caller without an appointment must, of course, expect to wait.

The executive may be free at the moment and consent to see the caller but if he has an imminent appointment the secretary should remind him, saying, “You have ten minutes until Mr. Grant arrives for his three o’clock appointment.” She lets her employer know the minute Mr. Grant comes in.

At times visitors without appointments refuse to state their business. The secretary then politely asks them to write far an appointment. She can say, “Unless I know what you wish to discuss with Ms. Michaels, I cannot announce you. This is a rule laid down by Mr. Michaels. I would suggest that you write him, telling him what you want to see him about and asking for an appointment.” If the caller is persistent, she should be firm but treat him courteously.

When her employer has an assistant, the secretary usually turns unknown and uninvited callers over to him; or she may refer the caller to another person in the firm.

She might say, “I think Mr. Gray in our Accounting Department would be more familiar with your problem than Mr. Michaels. Do you mind if I telephone Mr. Gray’s secretary and find out if he can see you now?”

If she can arrange the meeting immediately, she should give explicit directions for reaching Mr. Gray’s office, or she can accompany the visitor there. Should Mr. Gray be unable to see the caller until another time, she passes that information on, telling him the date and time if a future appointment is arranged.

How to Become a Successful Ghost Writer?

Ghost writing, it may have brought strange things to your mind, the word “ghost”, why? Well, it’s not that strange. It’s a type of writing that gets published under the name of not-the-actual author; ghost writer’s job is to write for someone else, the decent amount he’s paid in return is usually enough to motivate him continue working that way. Among many other things a ghost author learns through his career, one’s to prefer the decent amount he could earn being under cover over the fame and recognition his work could bring him had it been published with his name.

Now that you know what ghost writing is, the list of questions and confusions should have reduced but the truth is it has given way to even more confusions. Why the hell would someone commit himself to writing a book whose credit would be taken by someone else? These ghost writers must be bunch of stupids not aware of the importance of the things. Why would he let someone else take the credit of his work and enjoy the fame and recognition which is his right? Why would he do that? What makes ghost writing so much fun?

Imagine, a renowned author himself contacts you and since he is too busy finishing one of his nonfiction works, asks your services for he has to meet the demand of his fans and publish his fiction by the end of the 5th month from now. 3/4th of it’s already done by him; you are being hired for the remaining 1/4th. Would you have enjoyed such an experience of learning and working with such a renowned author while working on your own work?

I started my career of writing as a technical article writer and my favorite topics were those related to Science and Engineering, I know from my experience that until the day I started working as a ghost writer, I was confined, confined to the topics of my interest, hesitant to make research on something I did not have a chance to explore before. Now that I am a professional ghost writer, no area is what I used to call “That’s not my area”; while writing on topics related to Business, Economics and Management, I sometimes think like this must not be real me, I really like the way I just jump in and get on with it. With the earnings you are going to make from such a project, the feeling of triumph that accompanies the completion and the prospect of being published are two such things that keep you motivated to continue working this way.

Once the writing’s done, your part’s done; from here onwards, promotion campaigns, tours, talk shows and signings, all that are your client’s headache, saving you a lot of money, effort and time. The time saved this way is one of the reasons part-time working professional ghost writers earn more than full-time working freelancers; had the book been published with your name, 2nd half of the year would have been passed in promotion of the book.

It might be hard to see advertisement boards advertising a bestseller with the not-actual-author-of-the-book’s face beaming right beside the picture of the title, but then nothing comes without cost.

For those who have made their choice and are eager to know more about the subject, the remaining article’s going to discuss, in short, things-to-do to make yourself a successful ghost writer.

1. A professional ghost writer understands very well where he stands in the whole project. While writing the book for someone else, you should have the guts of setting aside those of your ideas that are not liked by your client. Do as the client says, you may be writing words, but since the book would be published under your client’s name, his would be the final say.

2. While you would be conducting your research on the topic and learning through several different sources, it would be your responsibility as well, to keep your client up-to-date and make sure that whatever’s being done is being done with his consent.

3. You are writing for someone who’s going to take the whole credit for it, make sure that the tone and style you adopt while writing is appropriate for the kind of man he is.

4. While it takes some time for a beginner to break in and create his name among the pool of prospective clients, here are few tips that may help you get your first job in no time.

  • Search for the freelance article writing jobs at online platforms like Elance.com, Freelancer.com, Odesk.com, there are many others. Create your profile on one of these sites and let your potential clients know your qualifications, your experience as an article writer and your expertise.

Pump up your online portfolio and showcase there the best of your work; your portfolio reflects your experience of the work and could alone become the reason of your selection.

  • One another way to let your potential clients know that you are a ghost writer could be to create a blog or a website of your own and make sure that it specifies you as a ghost writer.

5. Before you start working on the project, make sure that you are well aware of certain things. Here goes the list of those things:

  • What are the client’s expectations from you? How would you get paid, and when would you get paid? Make sure that both of you, you and your client agree to the terms set by each other.
  • How the information required will be provided to you? Through interviews? Through written notes?
  • What’s your part exactly? Would you be sharing some of the workload with your client? How would you be submitting your work? One way could be to write one chapter at a time and submit it for review.
  • What if the client’s providing an unoriginal content for his work, who would be responsible if you get caught plagiarizing?
  • Are you really working as a ghost writer? A co-author would get a cover credit while a ghost writer wouldn’t.

Once all these things get settled between you and your client, you would need to prepare a written agreement mentioning all the terms you have agreed upon, make sure that this document gets signed by both you and your client.

Considering yourself well equipped now that the job’s officially awarded to you, without wasting any time, you would create an outline for your writing and submit it for the approval to your client. Once it gets approved, you would start making your research over the topic and writing the first draft of the first submission.

Since you would be requiring the client’s advice at every step and after all it’s not something you could ignore while working on the project he has hired you for, it is recommended that you submit the work in parts. How many parts? Well, that depends on the type of the work and how much of the workload’s being shared by your client himself.

Learn from the edits and changes your client makes to your submissions before sending them back to you, you can use Microsoft Word’s Track Changes function to let yourself keep track of the edits made. To seek the client’s suggestion about a specific paragraph or a sub topic, you would need to draw his attention to that part, one way could be to use an abbreviation like TK, the editor would be able to find that part by using Microsoft Word’s Find function, another way could be to change that part’s font color.

Writing for someone else is something, making it sound like it’s written by him requires much of an effort and skill. To capture the voice of your client would require you to have a good relationship with your client through all the time. Prefer talking with your client on phone or Skype over the correspondence through text messages or emails. This way, you could learn more about your client’s style and his way of taking things.

How to Be Articulate

Ask yourself how do I achieve articulacy? Articulacy is gained through interaction with people with an intellectual approach of the same language over a period of time. It comes in an art format and should not be taken lightly. Articulacy is when we are able to manipulate words and speech in a corrective and effective way.

Articulacy is obtained through effective communication. Effective communication is when you are able to captivate an audience by engaging them through word power. There is power in words, if you possessed the knowledge and the ability to use it to your advantage wisely. Many great men and women have gained power and prominence by being articulate.

The way you weigh your words can create a lasting impression in someone’s mind for a long time, may be forever. In my opinion the way you speak, it’s the way you write and articulacy tells a lot about your personality. People who are articulate often carries a distinguish air in their demeanor. They are achievers, they can do great things. Barbara Walters, television personality and journalist, Oprah Winfrey talk show host, philanthropist and billionaire, Barack Obama the President of the United are regarded well spoken achievers.

Articulacy is when you have an electrifying personality and can deliver your speech smoothly and correctively. They can hold an audience and is often the envy of many as some don’t possess that natural fluency in language, God’s given talent and confidence. Some people if given the task will get stage fright and lose grounds. Their demeanor is a trunk load of confidence that make them exceptional and special. People treat them in that manner. They demand respect, deriving from their attitude. People with articulacy pulls people close to them, they are like magnet to steal. They have confidence, they may not have fear of a large number of people in a full room or auditorium.

An articulate one can also wear many hats; they are poets, song writers, journalists, lawyers, doctors, authors and so on. In my view they dominate the professional world and rides corporate ladders with confidence and style. They often possess style and class and are also an intellectual force that may be hard to beat.

If you have an articulate one in yours surroundings, you might feel honored to have that person in your life. It is pleasure to have such person on your side. They are the product of purpose and meaning. With all those great qualities some credit them for good standings and they are known to be among the aristocrats and often stand out among the elite, they have to be able to speak well. To be articulate, you have clarity in your speech and be educated is a way to gain and maintain prominence. Education holds the key to someone with such caractistic and much caliber. It’s an asset to be articulate.

It does not hurt to be associated with someone with all that good qualities mention above. It would be good to rub shoulder to shoulder with one of prominence, word power and intellect. It just won’t hurt to be associated with an articulate one. In my view it won’t hurt to marry someone articulate either. Everyone is deserving of good, being associated with an articulate one and out of that association it can prove beneficial to one’s growth and development. Out of that union there can be the birth of a overwhelming responsive motivation which with the use of words could encourage the opening of many doors.

Being articulate can also mean being accountable and responsible for the words used. If you practice those traits you learn to acquire competency and control of the usage of words when use inappropriately, you use less or none at all. There is so much to accomplish by being articulate, there is no limit to such skill because once gained it stays with you always. It’s like fine wine once stored it become better with age.

Effective articulacy is the ability to relate and capture the art and mind of different people regardless of race, color or creed. They listened when you speak. When captured by articulacy one will show their appreciation by giving a standing ovation or maybe if they so captured they are driven into the land of nostalgia. Greet open mouth or with a beautiful smile.

The clarity of words spoken is important in articulacy. Being clear lends ears to greater listenership, open a wider audience. What can one gain from a wider audience? It means people power and power through your audience can mean network. The bonding of people through articulacy enounces wealth.

Words describe what you are, who you are and where you are at. It’s like a template. A lay out format of the way you speak and how you speak. In true form it makes and breaks. If use well it like a flowers in the garden of Sharon. It can be looked upon the way one sees it. Simply beautiful, simply graceful that can leave a sweet taste in ones mouth, articulacy.

Can I Work From Home Without Knowledge of Computer or Internet?

Of course you can work from home – with or without computer. Let’s call it Offline Work From Home Opportunities. But not having knowledge about computer is not a nice thing to happen to people living in today’s age and pace. You may be 65 years of age, but that is not an excuse for not having simple computer knowledge.

Anyway, let us get back to our main topic and discuss opportunities that can be pursued without computer (I will insist you keep at least your accounts on your computer. Assuming the business will grow to an extent that keeping manual accounting records will be impractical). On that positive note let us yet again come back to the main topic.

You can work from home as a home improvement, beauty, consultant, hair styling expert, or even therapist. You won’t believe, someone I know works from home as Pedicure Expert. All she has is a cell phone, a vehicle, and pedicure kit and skill. And she has a wide clientele and makes money that many people in a 9-5 job can’t think of. You can even consider becoming a Mystery Shopper and get paid in cash.

You can even consider starting crèche or day care centre for kids. This occupation is in great demand and once you click with parents, you will never run short of kids. You can even do tuitions at home for subjects that you can deal with.

You can even become representative of a chain marketing company, depending on your interest and confidence in the products. So many men and women I personally know are making good income by selling Avon and Amway products.

You can consider designing stationary or textile from home if you are interested in designing. You can get attached to textile designing people or printing people to get business. If you are good with embroidery and would like to pursue it professionally, hand embroidery is in great demand; you just need to network with the right kind of people to make it a rewarding career. These days call centres can be operated from home, you can become a call centre agent

You will need to learn these skills if you don’t already do. Generally people put their education and training that they have learnt earlier to use by working from home. You can upgrade or polish your skills according to current trend.

If you have any such skill, or are interested in pursuing your interested as profession and need help from us, feel most free to write to us and we shall get back to you with a solution & reply within no time.

When you talk to us and discuss your options, you will be surprised to know there is so much one can do if one is willing to put in some initial work and planning.

We will look forward to hearing from you. Once you tell us what you want to do, we will write and tell you how best you can go about it and achieve your goals.

15 Ways for Teenagers to Make Money Online

Trying to make money online? There is almost an infinite number of ways to make money online, even for us teenagers. Who says that we can’t earn money at this age?

I only thought of making money online last month. I did that because I want to buy a Yonex Voltric 5 badminton racquet. That is my one and only reason, buy something which I really want. I know that many of you want to earn money for the same reason. Our reasons might be foolish but I know that our parents would be proud of us. If your parents think otherwise. If they think that this is a waste of time and you should just be studying all the time, I am giving you a list of benefits that you and your parents are going to receive when you make money online so that you can convince your parents to support you financially on making money online.

  • Making money online teaches you to obey the rules. You learn to obey the rules of your customers, rules of the programs you join in and the rules of the government, your own rules and the rules of your parents. You will learn to obey your parents because there are lots of rules when you join money making programs and because you are used to obeying all the rules, the same will apply to the rules of your parents.
  • Making money online gives you a sense of responsibility. You will feel that you need to take care of your reputation so that you will have many clients and customers.
  • It teaches you to solve your own problems. When you try to make money online, you will encounter a lot of problems and because you are probably the only one trying to make money online in your family and in your circle of friends, you will be forced to find ways to solve the problems by yourself.
  • It enhances your skills and it teaches you new skills. You might think that you will never be a writer but maybe that is your hidden talent or maybe photography. You never know what you could acquire when you try lots of new things.
  • It teaches you the importance of money. This is a major benefit for your parents so do not forget to tell them this. It teaches you that every cent you make came from your hard work and dedication. This means that you will spend less on your guilty pleasures because you understand the hardships of your parents. In addition to their work, they also have to think about your future, health, education, allowance, birthdays, presents, and many more things which are related to you.
  • It makes you understand why many people are conservative financially.
  • It teaches you to set goals and plan on how you are going to achieve them.
  • It teaches you to be patient. There are lots of ways to earn money online and making good money online will take some time depending on the method that you are using.
  • It teaches you to be kind especially to your clients.
  • It teaches you to persevere through harsh times like no income generated in days.
  • It can prevent you from acquiring bad habits like smoking, alcohol consumption, and drugs.
  • It teaches you to set your priorities and to focus on your top priority and not on your top10 priorities.
  • It teaches you to be hardworking. You are forced to find ways and try different methods of making money online.
  • If you are already earning, you will use your hard earned money and not your parents’ money to buy the things you want. This prevents unnecessary arguments about money between parents and children. It also prevents incidences of children stealing from the wallet of their parents.
  • You can help in paying your phone bills and internet connection bills.
  • There are many money making opportunities which enables you to acquire big passive income. Passive income is money that you acquire by doing nothing. This will heighten your chances of a bright future and this will give your parents less troubles and worries.

Now that you have probably convinced your parents to support you on making money online, let us get back to our main topic which is how to make money online for teens. Making money online is easy and I am sure that there is a money making opportunity out there which would let you earn by doing the things you love. The list below contains the ways you can make money online as a teen:

1) Selling unneeded things or own products on eBay, Amazon, and other online marketplaces.

There are lots of things which you can sell online from pre-used things to your own products. If you are great at making handicrafts, paintings, drawings, or extraordinary things, you could sell them online. This is a great way to improve your skills and get feedbacks about your products from unknown people. This is great practice if you want to be famous when it comes to those categories. To sell your products faster, you need great pictures of them. The products must be of high quality and is priced justly. It is easier to convince more people to buy your products if a customer gives a review or testimonial about it. You can also join traffic exchanges. Many will surely see your product and they may go to your link and buy your product.

You do not need to sell your own products. As I said earlier, you can sell just about anything. You surely have pre-used clothes which you do not want anymore or does not fit you anymore. You can sell these online. Other things that you can sell online are:

  • Games – PS3 CDs, PSP CDs, Computer CDs, DS games
  • Electronic Gadgets – Laptops, Computers, Phones, Game Consoles, Televisions
  • Home Appliances – Vacuum Cleaner, Stoves, Refrigerators, Electric Fans, Air Conditioners
  • Furniture – Sofa, Chairs, Beds, Pillows
  • Antiques – Vases, Ceramic Plates, Mirrors

You can also ask your parents, siblings, and cousins if they want to sell something. If they do, tell them that you will sell it and that you will take care of everything but you will take a percent of the sales for doing the promoting and everything else. Try asking other people too if they would like you to sell the things for them. This is a great way to clean your room, your house, and the rooms of your friends.

 2) Signing up for pay to click sites.

Joining pay to click sites like Neobux and Clixsense is an easy way to make money online. You just need to click on the advertisements and stay there for a few seconds and you will get paid. Clixsense also gives chances which are like scratch cards. This is known as the Clix Grid in Clixsense and you can win up to 5$. Both sites give tasks and offers which pay more than clicking on the advertisements but they consume much more time and more energy. Some asks you to categorize youtube videos. I tried that and it was hard. It also consumed a lot of my time but it only made me 11 cents. Some asks you to sign up on random sites.

The problem with pay to click sites is that you will earn so little by just clicking on their given advertisements. Most clicks only give you $0.001 and there are only few advertisements. The number

of advertisements per day is around 12 advertisements. So if you calculate it, ( 0.001 )( 12 ) = 0.012. That is what you will earn in a day. I actually earned $0.42 in a week. I earned that in a week because of my hard work in doing tasks and offers. It is not worth it isn’t it? I know that you are thinking that this should not be included in the list because 42 cents in a week is so little. What could you buy with 42 cents? If you do this daily, you will get ( 0.42 ) (4) = $1.68. It is still not worth an hour a day.

The reason I included it here is because there is a way to acquire big passive income through these pay per click sites and this should be the only thing that you are focusing on when you join these kind of programs. Do not waste your time clicking on advertisements. Let other people do it for you. It sounds nice doesn’t it? You could do that by referring others to join their site. When someone signs up under your name, you get a small bonus and you get a percentage of what they earn. Just get more referrals and you will get more money as long as they become active in the program. There are also levels of referrals. If someone signs up under your name, he or she is a level one referral and you get a percentage of his or her earnings. If someone signs up under his or her name, that someone would be a level 2 referral and you will also get a percentage in the earnings of that someone but in a lower percentage. Different pay to click sites have different levels of referrals.

As I said earlier, you would only earn if they are active. That is how referrals work. You get a percentage of what they earn. If they earn nothing, you also earn nothing. What you can do is to motivate them. Get as many level 1 referrals as you can because you get a higher percentage of their earnings. If you got them now, teach them the technique and strategy of earning big money by getting as many referrals as they can. Also tell them to teac

h their referrals the technique. This will allow you to have an infinite number of referrals and earn big money by doing nothing. Many sites only allow you to have a limited number of referrals though.

Now how do you get others to sign up under your name? That is easy. You can get referrals by putting links and banners of your chosen pay to click site on social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter or by putting them on your website or blog. You can even put links on popular youtube videos, other blogs, other websites, and forums.

 3) Sell a service.

You can sell any service you like. You can photoshop pictures, edit videos, draw people’s faces, sing for your customer, give testimonials about products and websites, teach lessons on Skype, and many more. There are an infinite number of services that you can sell and I am sure that you can think of something which you will like to do.

Fiverr.com is a big and very popular marketplace which connects you with potential clients. On Fiverr, every service is priced at $5 and that is why it is called Fiverr. Use this site to sell your services. You can also visit it right now or later or whenever you like to help you get ideas on what services you can sell. Some services are just so foolish and crazy like singing to the customer or making a funny voice for the customer. But even though the services are useless, I think that they are still getting clients. I haven’t personally tried selling any service on Fiverr but I am looking forward to trying this and I think that this is a fun and sure way to earn money. As you won’t get very rich by doing this, you can earn pocket money. Anyone can sell a service. Even kids can do this as long as their parents will handle everything about the money and their child will be doing the service like doing a video testimonial on how much he or she liked a toy.

In choosing what services you would offer, think if it would be easy for you. If it is easy for you and it can be done swiftly, it is a nice choice. You should also think if many will buy your service. The last thing you need to consider is if your service is worth it. You need to give a service which is only worth $5. You cannot give singing lessons for $5 of course. It is a waste of time. But you can sell a service wherein you are asked to record a song which the customer requested and you can also say in the video to whom the customer dedicated it. You need to be a good singer though.

To promote your service, you can use traffic exchanges. I have seen someone do that and she got a lot of clients.

This is a great way to earn money online and at the same time a great way to have fun, enhance your skills and get feedbacks about your services.

 4) Taking surveys.

Survey sites function just like pay to click sites but you can earn more here because you give more time and effort in answering surveys. Honestly answering surveys will surely make you more money than just clicking on advertisements. The technique and strategy to earn passive income used in pay to click sites can also be applied in survey sites which have referral programs.

Some surveys are special surveys and they are not found in these survey sites and needs special requirements for you to answer them. These surveys can give you big cash. They are straight from the company. The money you earn through these special surveys can range from $10 – $50 , more or less. To know if these surveys are legit, check the terms and conditions of the company’s page. If you don’t find it, it is probably a scam. You should also be sure that you will be paid with money. Some of them just enter you into sweepstakes and you would not want that.

Some survey sites that pay you to answer surveys are:

  • Harris Polls
  • Zoom Panel
  • Opinion Place
  • CVS Advisor
  • Survey Savvy
  • Cash-crate
  • Test Spin
  • Greenfield Online
  • Your 2 cents

Some survey sites also conduct contests. These contests are only games. To join a contest, you need to pay an admission fee. You need to practice a lot of times to win in these contests.

(Note : Be careful in choosing the special surveys that you are going to answer because many of them have spyware and viruses.)

 5) Web Designing.

There are lots of blog and website owners who need other people to design their sites. This is a great opportunity for creative teens with some web designing skills. Project4hire is a marketplace online which connects you and website or blog owners. Many of these potential clients tend to favor teens because they are more imaginative and creative than adults who have faced a lot of hardships. Many people think that designers who faced lots of hardships and is currently facing one would design their website with shades of black and white.

This is a great chance to make big money online. Remember to always do the best that you can so that you can get a regular customer. There are opportunities wherein a customer really liked your designing and he or she would give you a permanent job by maintaining his or her website.

6) Logo Making.

This is another great and colorful way to earn money online. You can make logos for websites, businesses, mobile applications, and many more. 99designs.com is a marketplace which allows you to sell different designs for different things and not only logos. You can sell designs for book covers, banner advertisements, blog templates, etc.

You should always do your best and join contests whenever you can. You might also get regular customers if you already have a good reputation in the marketplace.

Crowd Spring is also a great site for this category.

7) Sponsored Tweets

This is a very easy way to make money online. Sites like Sponsored Tweets allow you to connect with potential clients who want you to tweet about their product or website. It is that easy! The only problem you are going to encounter in this method is getting clients. There is one thing that clients look for in a twitter account and that is the number of twitter followers it has. This is a big problem for non-sociable people but famous people and people who are addicted on seeing their number of followers grow will not have trouble on this. To get lots of followers, you should either be a famous person or a person who tweets about funny things and facts. You get a lot of followers if you tweet about things like that. Almost every single twitter account follows an account which is like that.

I have not personally used this method and I am not planning on it because I have less than 100 followers. I think that this is a nice and easy way to get some extra cash.

8) Blogging

Blogging is the most popular way of making money online. It is said that a new blog is born into the world every half of a second. That will be your problem in blogging. You would have lots of competitors so you really need to stand out.

There are lots of successful bloggers out there and you could be one of them. Many have earned six figures annually and the limit is unknown. This is a great option.

Your blog will be the outlet of your passion for something. I for example have a passion for badminton so I made a blog about badminton entitled ” My Badminton Blog “. You can blog just about anything but if you want to earn money, you need to find a niche which you are interested in and you should have great knowledge about it. Your niche should be something which is designed to help or entertain your readers. My Badminton Blog is mostly focused on how to play badminton and it strives to give badminton players everything that they need to know in playing badminton. Having a niche like this would help me get more visitors because they want to read more about things that would help them compared to reading about my badminton game last night or my favorite badminton racquet. Many blogs are successful in making rumors about celebrities or finding out if a money making opportunity online is a scam or is legit.

Blogging is also a great way to enhance your vocabulary, communication skills, and writing skills.

Now how do you make money online through blogging?

8.1) Begging for Donations

Only few blogs ask for donations. I know that the thought of begging for money is crazy but some bloggers actually earn this way. To be successful with asking for donations, you need to have a great blog with great content which can really help your readers or maybe even affect their lives. If you already have outstanding content, I would still not let you believe that you will surely earn money from this. It is very uncommon to see a person even a loyal reader donating to a blog even if it helped him or her a lot. If a very popular blog ask for donations, the owner will get a few bucks but when the income generated from this is compared to other ways of earning money through blogging, every other method will outshine this.

You are considered very lucky, charismatic, and persuasive if someone gives donations to your blog.

The easiest and most common way to ask for donations is through Paypal. You just need to place the donation box button on your blog. Paypal allows you to specify the amount that you want to receive from the donor by changing the default displayed amount. Paypal also allows you to specify the minimum amount that you want to receive from the donor. All you have to do after doing all that is to wait for a loyal reader who is

generous enough to give you a few bucks.

To persuade your loyal readers to donate, you can put a text below the donation box button stating a message like ” Did my blog help you? Do you want more of what you got? Support me by spreading the word or by donating! ” . It does not to be exactly like that. You just need to give them a reason to support you. Another thing that you could do is to put a picture of you beside the text. This will be effective if you are a pleasant and good looking person.

I wanted to try putting a donation button on my blog before but I thought that there will only be a small chance that someone will give me donations and another thing is that it will make my blog look very unprofessional. You can still try if you think that it will work for you but this is not a sure way to earn money through blogging.

8.2) Membership Programs

Blogs which only allow members to enter are high quality sites and are usually about how to make money. That is a very broad and hard niche which you would not want to use for your blog. Bloggers with these kind of sites are usually already successful so that they can say that their program is really legit.

What you can give when someone becomes a member is very important because they are paying for it. It is very hard to be successful on this if your blog is not within the ” how to be rich ” niche.

Membership fees and donations are almost the same because they are received for the content and services that the blog offers. While we think that getting donations is hard, getting visitors to be members is harder. The reason that getting members is harder is because people do not know if you are legit or if you are a scam. They do not know if the information and services that they are going to receive is worth it. Getting donations on the other hand is easier because they know that your blog has already helped them and that your content, time, and effort is worth it. It is their way of saying thank you.

You can be successful in making money this way if you already have a member even if it is only one and he or she made a testimonial about your membership program. Other than giving testimonials, spreading the word and giving some teasers on what you will receive when you become a member of the blog will surely heighten your chances of getting members and your chances of getting your membership program and blog to go viral. If nothing is working out, I would suggest the other ways of making money online through blogging.

     8.3) Paid services

You can also sell services on your blog like Skype sessions, videos, or any service which is related to your niche. For example: A blog with ” how to sing ” as its niche can offer singing lessons through Skype sessions. You can ask them to pay per hour or per lesson. Get the payments through Paypal or other identical services. Another example would be my badminton blog. This example would be an offline way of doing my service. My Badminton Blog is a blog about how to play badminton. What I could offer is badminton coaching on real court. I used my blog as a marketplace to connect me with my client.

Doing paid services is a great way to earn money through your blog and at the same time, a great way to connect with your loyal readers and subscribers. Becoming successful with this method also needs the testimonials of your customers.

To easily get testimonials, I would give free trials. If I have a blog about how to sing, I would give a free one hour Skype session to each of the three first visitors who contacts me about this. I will do my best to satisfy them. After the lesson, I would ask them to do a testimonial on my blog and on their Facebook accounts as a way of saying thank you for my time and service.

8.4) Selling Own Products

If you have great content on your blog, you could make an e-book which contains everything they need to know about your chosen niche or on a specific topic related to your niche. You could sell this on your blog. There are many sites and programs which allow you to do this like Amazon and other marketplaces. Many professional bloggers earn tons of cash with their e-books just like Darren Rowse of problogger.net To get more e-book sales, your blog content must be really great so that they will assume your e-book to become greater because it is paid content.

You could also sell t-shirts, bags, pins, mugs, wristbands, or anything with your blog’s name and logo on it. Loyal readers would support you on this. This is a great way to advertise your blog without spending money. If someone bought your t-shirt and wore it on while walking on the beach or in the mall, I am sure that people will notice it and some of them might visit your blog. The trick in selling your own merchandise is to have them in high quality. More people will buy something which looks beautiful and is made of high quality materials and more eyes will be locked on a good looking merchandise.

Do not put a very high interest on your merchandise. Getting 5%, 10%, or 20% of profit is already great. You are already advertising this way and advertising online and offline is expensive. You are promoting your site but you also get paid. This is a big win for you and it is only your win except if you sold the merchandise with no profit at all. It then becomes a win – win situation for you and your customer.

8.5) Writing Articles for other Websites

Writing articles for other blogs and websites is a great way to earn money, connect with other bloggers, and get quality back links. Buyers are usually blog or website owners who chose very broad niches. Having a broad niche makes it harder to create quality content for all topics of that niche and that is why the owner is asking for help.

The biggest question that potential clients are going to ask you in this method is if you have enough blogging experience or writing experience to write on their blog or website. Almost all writing gigs require you to have years of blogging experience or years of writing experience. This is a great way to earn big money for veteran bloggers but not for novice bloggers. If you are a novice blogger, it is hard to find a blog to guest post on and if you already found a blog to guest post on, the owner would most likely not pay you because the quality back links, blog exposure, and traffic that you will get is considered as the payment that you are going to receive. But there are places wherein you are ranked for your article and not for your experiences.

These are online marketplaces for articles. Writers write articles and the team managing the marketplace will review it. If it passes, it would be available for display. The buyers will then search for the article with the most appropriate content for their blog or website. If you have what they need, they will buy your article. To be successful in the marketplace, you will need to have really great content and you need to write often so that you will have regular customers. If you have made a good reputation in the market, you can get a chance to write for big companies. There is a small problem with this method though. You might forget about your blog. But if you got a contract with a big company or a big site, you can certainly forget and sell your blog.

     8.6) Sell your Blog

This is a great option if you found a greater money making opportunity like a contract with a big company. Finding buyers and making a well established blog are the main problems you will encounter in selling your blog. If you want to sell your blog at a high price, you would certainly want to focus on making a good blog. Making a good blog is actually the biggest problem that everyone will encounter in this method. If you can solve that, finding buyers will be easy-peasy.

What makes a good blog:

  • High number of monthly visitors – 10,000 per month at minimum
  • Good income – $200 per month at minimum
  • Great web design
  • High Google Page Rank
  • Loyal readers and subscribers
  • Quality back links

The main attribute which makes a blog look attractive to the eyes of a buyer is the monthly income that your blog generates. It is considered as the measuring tool on how much your blog can sell. I will show you an example which shows the important role of your  blog`s monthly income in selling your blog. There are two blogs. They have the same niches.  One is entitled ASDFG and the other blog is entitled QWERTY. Both of them have 20,000 monthly visitors. ASDFG has high quality back links with a 10$ monthly income. QWERTY has low quality back links with a 200$ monthly income. In the buyer’s eyes, QWERTY is the more valuable and higher quality blog because of its high monthly income. It can be sold at a much higher price than ASDFG. The reason that buyers want blogs with a good monthly income is because they want to buy a blog which is easy to manage and build. They want to buy a blog which is already on its way to becoming big. In QWERTY, you just need to get some quality back links which is easy to get. They can also just buy quality back links f0r the blog while in ASDFG, you still need to experiment between different methods on how you could monetize the blog and find out which will suit the blog best. That will surely prove to be very time consuming and time is very valuable. That is the reason why the monthly income of your blog plays a major role in selling your blog.

The best marketplace for selling blogs is Flippa.com. In Flippa.com, you need to pay a listing fee around $50. If you do not pay, your blog will not be seen in their list of blogs for sale. If you do not know how much to ask for your blog, you can just relax and let the buyers do the work. There will be an auction for your blog and the highest bid will be able to buy your blog.

Another famous marketplace is the “Buy & Sell Websites” section of the Digital Point forums. You will not need to pay for anything and the reason for that is because you will have to do all the work. You need to post your blog on forums and if someone replied to the forum, you will have to communicate with them via the forum. Everything is manual. The marketplace is much smaller than Flippa.com. There are more marketplaces about selling blogs but these are the top 2 on the list.

8.7) Affiliate Programs

Affiliate programs are programs wherein you display a product on your site and whenever someone buys it using your link, you will get a percentage of sales. It is the same as what I said earlier about asking your family if they need to sell anything and getting a percentage of the sales for doing the promoting. The only difference between the two is that when you promote the products of random people on your blog, you get a smaller percentage of the sales. Some gives you up to 10% of the sales. If you are thinking that this will not make you much money, it will actually make you big money. Darren Rowse of problogger.net earned more than $100,000 on Amazon Associates Program since he started using it. It is big right?

To be successful with affiliate programs, there are a few things that you need to consider:

A) Relevancy of the product to your blog

The products that you will display in your blog should be relevant to your blog. The products that you will pick should help your customers to get more of what they wanted when they visited your blog in the first place. For example: My Badminton Blog is about how to play badminton. The products that I will recommend to my readers should help them more on knowing how to play badminton. I could recommend badminton books, fitness books, and health books. I could also recommend badminton equipment because if they are studying about how to play badminton, they must be new to badminton which means that they need help from the veterans to know the best for them.

B) Blogger’s Reputation

They should trust you enough so that they will buy a product that you will recommend. You need to have a good reputation around the niche. They must know that you really know what you are saying and that you are really recommending the best for them and not the best for you.

C) Product’s Quality

You should recommend products which really work. To let your readers know this, you could do a review about it.

D) Daily Visitors

You need to have a lot of daily visitors to get sales. They say that there is only a small percent that someone would look at the products and even a lesser chance that someone would buy the product. You cannot heighten the chance so what you could do is heighten the number of people viewing your blog to get more product views and more sales.

E) Placement of Product

Products should be places where they can be noticed. You can put them in your articles. This is done in many articles just like in the articles of HubPages, Squidoo, and maybe on Howtoee.

I do not use affiliate programs because I do not have a reputation yet in badminton blogs. I just started three weeks ago on my blog so it is not surprising. I would maybe join affiliate programs after six months or so and I will only display products which I have already tried and proved to be worth the value. If you are not yet a reputable person in your niche like me, you could try other methods which is fine to do even if you are new.

8.8) Advertisements

Displaying advertisements on a blog is the easiest and most common way to earn through your blog. I think that I have not yet seen a blog which does not have advertisements on their blogs and websites. This is the main source of income of every blogger whether they be newbies or veterans.

You can be paid in three ways. One is by getting clicks also known as pay per click. The other one is by getting impressions also known as pay per impression. The last one is by displaying the advertisement in 30 days. The advertising network you are in determines how you will get paid. Google Adsense is a pay per click advertising network. You get paid when someone clicks on the advertisement that you are displaying. Casale Media is a pay per impression advertising network. You get paid when the displayed advertisement gets a thousand impressions. Puxee is an advertising network which pays you after you display the advertisement after 30 days.

There are lots of different kinds of advertisements and targeting methods used by advertising networks.

The list below contains some of the targeting methods used by advertising networks:

A) Contextual Targeting

In contextual targeting, the advertisements that are shown are based on the content of the webpage. In a webpage talking about quesadillas, advertisements that use contextual targeting will also show something about quesadillas or food. The most famous advertising network, Google Adsense, uses this kind of targeting method.

B) Behavioral Targeting

I will give an example to help you understand this because using it in normal sentences is hard. For example: I visited My Badminton Blog. An advertising company puts a cookie on my computer which states that I visited a blog about badminton. I then visit another site about gaming. The advertising network will read the cookie on my computer and will show advertisements about badminton. This is kind of targeting is used so that the advertisements you see are on your area of interest. There is a high chance that you will click on the advertisement because you are interested on it. That is behavioral targeting.

C) Geographic Targeting

In geographic targeting, the advertisements that are shown are based on your location. It is mostly used by websites with public niche website like new sites, radio sites, etc.

The list below contains some of the kinds of advertisements used by advertising networks:

A) Text Ads

The advertisements are shown in text. Google Adsense supports this format of advertisement. Text ads are simply text and link with no pictures, videos, or anything colorful. They are usually used inside articles just like in this article. The advertisement is in the article.

B) Image / Rich Content Ads

The advertisements are show in images. Google Adsense also supports this format as well as many other advertising networks. They are usually places on the top or bottom of an article. Some are found near the header of the webpage and some are located at the sidebars. These kind of ads shine very brightly in websites and webpages which are full of text.

C) Pop-up Ads

The advertisements are usually located on a different window. They just show up whenever you enter a website. Adbrite supports this kind of format. They are high paying ads but they usually irritate the readers. It can be nice to your wallet but not to your readers.

D) In-text Ads

Your content will have links. If you hover your mouse to these links, you will see the advertisement. This is a nice way to put advertisements without taking up too much space and without irritating the readers. The problem here is that most people would not notice it because it looks just like a regular link. They might accidentally click it and you will earn money. Some websites suit this kind of advertisements but some do not.

E) Floating Ads.

At the side or at the bottom of your page, you will see and advertisement. It is called floating because even if you scroll anywhere, they are still there. This is a great kind of advertisement because they need to click the x button to remove it. Everyone will surely notice it and there is a higher chance for people to click on it.

F) Paid Search

The ads will only be seen if you used the search box on your blog. Google Adsense supports this kind of advertisement. If someone searches using your search box, they will see the ads. The ads are located at the top and bottom of the search results which is just like when you use google normally.

There are lots of advertising networks out there. There is no such thing as the generally best advertising network because not all websites are created equally. Some perform bad using Google Adsense while some earn thousands of dollars using it. You just need to try and try until you find the best one which suits your blog.

The list below contains the well-known advertising networks:

  • Google Adsense
  • Value Click Media
  • Casale Media
  • Technorati Media
  • Yahoo Publisher Network
  • AdsGadget
  • Puxee
  • Adbrite
  • BuySellAds
  • BlogAds
  • Text Link Ads
  • Infolinks
  • Kontera
  • Clicksor
  • Dynamic Oxygen
  • Exit Junction
  • Pulsepoint
  • Chitika
  • Tribal Fusion
  • Burst Media
  • Federated Media
  • Gorilla Nation
  • Forbes Business Network
  • Videoegg
  • InterClick
  • AdSmart
  • Adtegrity
  • Blue Lithium
  • Canep Meida
  • ClickBooth
  • Vibrant Media
  • Bidvertiser

You can also use your blog as the connection with you and an advertiser. This is also known as direct selling. You would receive 100% of the sales but you will also do all the talking, and everything else.

     8.9) Sponsored Posts

Sponsored Posts are like reviews of products or websites. In writing sponsored posts, you should know that it can damage your blog if your blog becomes filled with them. You should always carefully pick what you will review and you need to pick a product which is very relevant or close to your niche.  Doing sponsored posts can give you lots of money. Blogs which has a niche which really reviews products for the blog`s content will have luck with this method. Every blog is actually going to be successful with this as long as your blog already has a reputation in its niche. Some well known marketplaces are PayPerPost and Review Me. You can also directly find and talk to potential clients but of course we know that it is too much trouble for us.

There are so many ways that you can earn through blogging and that is why this is the most popular way of earning money online.

9) YouTube

Many people earn using Youtube. The easiest way to earn on youtube is by signing up for the partnership program. When you join the program, advertisements will show on your videos and you will get paid per impression and per click. To join, your videos should be unique, no song covers, no movies, and all your videos should not have NSFW material. It should be something which children can watch.

To get started on this, you need to have a Youtube account. If you already have a google account, you can use that to sign in. After that, you just start making videos. The best things that you can record for Youtube are the simplest things like kittens or dogs playing, laughing babies, etc. They are the rage in today’s generation. They love to watch cute things. Why do you think the ” Sneezing Panda ” got so much views even though it is meaningless? When you take videos of the ” cute or adorable ” things, you should use a camera which is of good quality. Taking videos will only take you a couple of minutes. Then upload it on youtube. Your youtube channel should be regularly updated so that it will be more popular and so that you will get at least a thousand views on each video. You should upload videos at least every week. Do this until you get an e-mail from Youtube. You will get an e-mail from youtube when a video of yours become popular. If you do not get an e-mail, you can apply for it. To apply for the partnership program, go to youtube.com and go to the bottom of the page. You will see ” Creators&Partners “. Click on it and everything you need to know is right there. Apply for it and if you are approved, go to Google Adsense. You need to carefully read their terms and conditions because they are very strict about their rules. You might want to ask the important rules in a forum or read some articles online. You will regret it if you don’t. Once you are approved for google Adsense, you should start seeing advertisements on your videos. Now, you just keep up the good work and wait for the money to come in.

If you did not get approved in the partnership program, you will have 2 months before you can apply again. If you are banned in Google Adsense, you are mostly never going to have it reinstated. It is hard to reinstate it. Most common reason why there are so many banned Google Adsense accounts is because they did not follow its rules. That is the only way to earn on Youtube and you lost your chance. Are you going to say goodbye to Youtube now? No… You got lots of subscribers and viewers so just keep up the good work. You could still earn by putting a link on the description box leading to your site or to amazon. Your merchandise should be high quality so that many will buy from you.

10) Sell Photos

If you enjoy taking pictures, why don’t you try making money from it? You can now spend more time doing what you want without getting scolded for not doing the household chores. A lot of people have earned using this method and you can too.

The best thing about this method is that it is easy to do. You just need to have a concept and be creative.

There are only a few things that you need to understand. First, your photos are called stocks. Second, the minute that you take a picture you immediately gain its copyright. Third, you can earn money by selling the photo. You will not actually sell it. You will just give your buyer a license. A license that acts like a permit wherein the holder gets to copy the photo. This means that you can sell the photo over and over again without actually losing it. You could lose the rights to it if you agreed to sell your rights to the photo.

The list below contains marketplaces for photos:

  • iStockphoto
  • Fotolia
  • Shutterstock
  • Deposit Photos
  • BigStock
  • Pixmax
  • Corbis Images
  • Stockfresh
  • Thinkstock
  • Photocase
  • Photos.com
  • Stocked Photos
  • Texture Vault

11) Joining revenue sharing sites

Joining revenue sharing sites like Howtoee, HubPages, and Squidoo is a great way to earn money. In revenue sharing sites, you need to write articles for them. They need to be great because it will benefit you the most. You earn on these sites through the advertisements and affiliate programs. You get a share of all the sales but in Howtoee, you get everything. You get money for the article written, the advertisements on your article, affiliate links on later times, and quality back links leading to your blog if you have a blog.

When you post a great and useful article on revenue sharing sites, you earn forever. This is a great way to acquire passive income. This means that even if you are doing nothing, you are still earning. Even if you get old, you are still earning from them. That is why it is great to join these sites.

You also improve your vocabulary, communication and writing skills by joining these.

12) Get paid to read e-mails

If you want to make some extra cash, you can read emails. It might look crazy but there are really sites which pay you to read emails. It is an easy way to make some extra money but it will not be enough to replace your current job. You will probably earn less than a thousand dollars a month at maximum. How much money you will earn depends on how much time and effort you devote to the program. This method is rather imperfect due to many scams. More and more scams are being created every dayThe chances of getting scammed is really high. To prevent being scammed, you should search for many people who really had success with the said program.

The list below contains sites which pay you to read e-mails:

  • Inbox Dollars
  • SendEarnings
  • Points2shop
  • Fushion Cash
  • Cash crate

13) Get paid for gaming

This is a great way to earn money for computer addicts. Now, you have an excuse for being on the computer. If you are thinking on how they earn if they are giving you money, do not worry about that. They earn through advertisements.

The list below contains sites which pay you for gaming:

  • Exodus 3000
  • Second Life
  • Club Bing
  • Play And Win
  • Paid Game Player
  • Clip2Play
  • Bingo Zone
  • Pogo
  • World Winner

14) Sharing Files

This is an easy way to earn money. You just need to upload videos or text documents and whenever someone downloads it, you earn money.

The list below contains sites which pay you for uploading files:

  • DocStoc
  • Ziddu
  • DepositFiles
  • Cash.Uploading
  • EasyShare

15) Get Paid to Search

Searching and earning money from it is a great way to earn money. It is really much of a big win for you. This is one of the easy ways to make money online. Imagine you just searching and browsing the internet and getting paid to do it. It is like a computer addict’s dream. There are many search engines that pay you to search the internet using their search engine.  All you have to do is to register with them and use their search engine to search for whatever you are looking for. The problem with this is that you will earn little for doing little. But even if that is the case, do not even think of complaining to them for the small cash or few results. Remember that you are almost doing nothing and they are giving you free money so be grateful. The reason that you are paid because most of them are just new and they want someone to try them out and spread the word to become more popular.

The list below contains search engines that pay you to search:

  • Swagbucks
  • InteradMedia
  • Scour
  • Blingo
  • Irazoo

Making money online is really possible and anyone can do it. You just need to be dedicated on what you are doing and you should love what you are doing so that you will become successful.